The India New-born Action Plan (INAP) was launched in September 2014 with the aim of ending preventable new-born deaths and stillbirths by 2030. The plan aims to attain single-digit neonatal mortality and stillbirth rate by 2030. INAP’s main strategy is called Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC). It creates a womb-like environment for the new-born that provides the four basic needs of the baby – Warmth, food, love, and protection. And to provide significant benefits to all the new-borns, especially those who are preterm or suffer from Low Birth Weight (LBW).
To achieve these goals of the INAP, our proposed infant jacket project will contribute a significant role, as it combines both Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) and fully automated neonatal intensive care unit without human monitoring. A system for an instinctive monitoring of infants in NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit) and KMC (Kangaroo mother care) is provided.The system as disclosed is an exploration of utilizing wireless transmission technology for neonatal monitoring at NICU. The system comprises a microcontroller to which all bodily sensors of the neonate (integrated in the Smart Jacket) are attached i.e., in the transmitter section. In one embodiment, the signals from these sensors are translated into a certain digital value which is then transmitted to a wireless module, which is configured to wirelessly transmit the data in a continuous stream to a central processing unit. The transmitted data are monitored to ensure real-time health monitoring by the medical personnel in the receiver section. The wireless data are collected in the PC using.NET and the sensed parameters are recorded in the data base. If an abnormality is found, then an alert signal along with the patient’s data is sending to the doctors/nurse’s mobile phone through WIFI/GSM.